Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Some assignments have a standard format, such as lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For other assignments, you will need to show up with your own personal structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. As an example, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • the niche matter itself, which could suggest a structure predicated on chronology, process or location, for instance
  • your interpretation for the matter that is subject. As an example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics to be able of importance
  • the dwelling of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Have a look at the way the info buy essay is organised and sequenced. Make sure you modify the structure to suit your purpose to prevent plagiarism.

Essays are a rather common kind of academic writing. Like the majority of regarding the texts you write at university, all essays have a similar basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion. However, the body that is main be structured in a variety of ways.

To write a essay that is good

Reports generally have the same basic structure as essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the body that is main can differ widely, because the term ‘report’ is used for many types of texts and purposes in various disciplines.

Find out whenever possible by what types of report is anticipated.

How exactly to plan your structure

There are numerous techniques to come up with a structure for your work. It, try some of the strategies below if you’re not sure how to approach.

During and after reading your sources, make notes and start thinking about how to structure the ideas and facts into groups. For example:

  • seek out similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other methods of grouping and dividing the ideas under headings, such as advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or kinds of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • Paste and cut notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a good idea to brainstorm a few different ways of structuring your assignment once you’ve a rough concept of the main issues. Do this in outline form before you start writing – it is much easier to re-structure an overview than a half-finished essay. As an example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references will be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not squeeze into your overall purpose, and facts or references that aren’t useful for what you would like to talk about
  • when you yourself have plenty of information, such as for example for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to demonstrate how each theory or reading relates to each heading (this is often called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • plan the number of paragraphs you’ll need, this issue at risk of every one, and dot points for each bit of information and reference needed
  • try a few different structures that are possible you see the one which is most effective.

Eventually, you’ll have an idea that is detailed enough so that you can start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You’ll also know how to locate evidence for people ideas in your notes and also the sources of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulty with the process of planning the dwelling of one’s assignment, consider trying a different strategy for grouping and organising your information.

Making the structure clear

Your writing may be clear and logical to learn it fits together if it’s easy to see the structure and how. You can easily accomplish that in several ways.

  • Utilize the final end of the introduction to exhibit the reader what structure you may anticipate.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to clearly mark the sections (if they are appropriate for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph, to demonstrate the reader what the idea that is main, and to link returning to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The beginning of each sentence should link back once again to the primary concept of the paragraph or a previous sentence.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the dwelling of relationships between ideas. Examples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in comparison, with this good reason, as a result and moreover.


All of the forms of texts you write for university have to have an introduction. Its purpose is always to clearly tell the reader the topic, purpose and structure regarding the paper.

As a rough guide, an introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the amount of the complete paper and has three main parts.

  • It begins with the absolute most general information, such as for instance background and/or definitions.
  • The middle could be the core of this introduction, in which you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (depending on what kind of paper it is).
  • It ends with the most specific information, describing the scope and structure of your paper.

In the event that main body of your paper follows a predictable template, like the method, results and discussion stages of a written report into the sciences, you generally don’t need certainly to include a guide into the structure in your introduction.

You should write your introduction if it is a persuasive paper) and the whole structure of your paper after you know both your overall point of view. Alternatively, you ought to revise the introduction if you have completed the body that is main.


Most academic writing is structured into paragraphs. It really is helpful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also known as introductory sentence)
  • body of this paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The topic sentence introduces a general summary of the subject additionally the purpose of the paragraph. Depending on the length of the paragraph, this can be one or more sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The body of this paragraph elaborates entirely on the subject sentence by giving definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for instance.

The last sentence in lots of, not all, paragraphs is the sentence that is concluding. It does not present new information, but often either summarises or comments from the paragraph content. It can also provide a web link, by showing how the paragraph links into the topic sentence of this paragraph that is next. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back again to the topic that is main.

You don’t have to write your entire paragraphs applying this structure. For example, you will find paragraphs with no topic sentence, or even the topic is mentioned close to the end for the paragraph. However, this really is an obvious and common structure that makes it simple for the reader to follow.


In conclusion is closely associated with the introduction and is often described as its ‘mirror image’. Which means that in the event that introduction begins with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves when you look at the opposite direction.

The final outcome usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the scope that is main structure for the paper
  • confirms the topic that has been given in the introduction. This may use the kind of the aims of this paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a extensive research question/hypothesis as well as its answer/outcome.
  • ends with a far more statement that is general how this topic relates to its context. This might use the kind of an evaluation of the significance of the topic, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.
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